Inner Life of a Cell Animation

Here's a really nice look at the anatomy and functions of a cell at an ultrastructural level.  This animation demonstrates leukocyte extravasation and illustrates the following processes:

  • Leukocyte rolling via Selectins
  • Cell membrane bilipid layer and cell manbrane proteins
  • Spectrin cytoskeleton
  • Microtubules and vessicular transport
  • Protein translation
  • Intergrin activation and adhesion


Category: Anatomy Mnemonics


Photo credits: Nephron (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 ( or GFDL (], via Wikimedia Commons

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Genu Valgum vs. Genu Varum

Here's a fun way to use the name to remember the difference between Genu Valgum and Genu Varum!

Read more: Genu Valgum vs. Genu Varum

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Tibal Fractures

Here's some key facts about fracture of the tibial which occured to the MMA fighter Anderson Silva during the second round of his fight against Chris Weidman in December 2013:

Read more: BaroneMnemonic: Tibial Fractures

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Video Challenge #1


Watch this video and tell me what's the diagnosis for this classic sign?

Read more: BaroneVideoQuiz: Diagnosis 1

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Video Challenge #2

Watch the video and tell me what disease is associated with this finding?

Read more: BaroneVideoQuiz: Diagnosis 2

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Physiology Video Mnemonic

Here's a fun way to remember the lung volumes and capacities using M&M's:

Read more: BaroneMnemonic: Lung Volumes

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Draw the Pons!

Here's how to quickly draw the lower Pons on the exam to figure out all the pontine syndromes!

Read more: BaroneMnemonic: Pons

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Liver Zone Mnemonic

The centrilobular hepatocytes represent which zone of the Liver?

  1. Zone 1
  2. Zone 2
  3. Zone 3

Read more: Liver Zone Mnemonic

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Spleen Mnemonic

Here's a mnemonic for the spleen that's been around for a long time but it still works!

Read more: Spleen Mnemonic

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Sites of Absorption

Here's two ways to remember the sites of absorption for Iron, B12, and Folate:

Read more: BaroneMnemonics: Absorption

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Embryology Mnemonic

Here's a fun way to remember the Neural Crest Derivatives:

Read more: BaroneMnemonic: Neural Crest

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Cranial Nerve Innervation of the Tongue

Here's an easy way to remember the innervation of the tongue using a simple mnemonic:

Copyright ©2012 Thunderpath Media Inc

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

G-Protein Coupled Receptor Mnemonic

Here's an interesting way to remember the G-protein coupled receptors.

Read more: G-Protein Coupled Receptors

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

"Hand of Benediction" Sign Mnemonic

Copyright © 2012. Thunderpath Media Inc.

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Barone Video Mnemonic: Superior Oblique Innervation

Here's a simple way to remember the cranial nerve innervation of the Superior Oblique muscle:

Read more: Barone Mnemonic: Superior Oblique Innervation

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Wernicke vs Broca Mnemonic

by Elizabeth Perez MD



See the Video: Wernicke vs Broca Mnemonic

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Pharyngeal Arch Mnemonic by Timothy Tiu MD

If you've ever struggled to remember the Pharyngeal arch....  this mnemonic is for you!

Dr. Tiu breaks it down and makes it memorable!!!

Read more: Pharyngeal Arch Mnemonic

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Anatomy Mnemonic : Pharyngeal Arch Cranial Nerves

Here's a way to remember the cranial nerves associated with each Pharyngeal Arch:

Read more: Barone Video Mnemonic: Pharyngeal Arch Cranial Nerves

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Tongue Sensation

Here's Dr. Alajaj's followup video. He uses the Pharyngeal arch mnemonic to learn the innervation for tongue sensation.

Read more: Tongue Sensation

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Hypothalamus Mnemonic

Here's an easy way to remember the functions of the hypothalamus:

Read more: Barone Mnemonic: Neuroanatomy

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Stretch Reflex Anatomy Mnemonic

Here's a mnemonic to remember all the stretch reflexes and their innervation by using a Nursery Rhyme many of us already know!

Read more: Barone Memonic: Stretch Reflex

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Gag Reflex Mnemonic

Here's a great way to remember the important anatomy of the gag reflex:

Read more: BaroneMnemonic: Gag Reflex

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Signs of Hypocalcemia


Here's a video demonstrating the two classic signs of hypocalcemia - Chvostek's and Trousseau's signs:

Read more: BaroneVideo: Signs of Hypocalcemia

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

The 12 Cranial Nerves of Christmas

Here's a musical way to remember the cranial nerves:

Read more: Cranial Nerve Christmas Song

Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Quick Summary: Third Cranial Nerve Palsy

3rd Cranial Nerve palsy [Oculomotor nerve]



Associated with uncal herniation, ischemic injury, tumor, aneurysm of the PCA.


Video source:

Copyright © 2011 John Barone MD. All rights reserved.
Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Quick Summary: Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy



4th Cranial Nerve Palsy [Trochlear nerve]



Associated with trauma, ischemic injury, tumor, and may be congenital.


Video source:

Copyright © 2011 John Barone MD. All rights reserved.
Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

Quick Summary: Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy


6th Cranial Nerve palsy [Abducen's nerve]



Associated with increased ICP and ischemic injury.


Video source:

Copyright © 2011 John Barone MD. All rights reserved.


Category: Anatomy Mnemonics

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